Need for cognition relates to low-level visual performance in a metacontrast masking paradigm.

Need for cognition (NFC) refers to dispositional differences in cognitive motivation and has been frequently found to predict higher-order cognition, such as attitude formation and decision making. Based on recent evidence, this study examined whether NFC already relates to relatively early perceptual processes. Using a metacontrast masking paradigm (N = 137), we found that high-NFC individuals were more likely to use target-specific perceptual cues providing valid information for target discrimination, while low-NFC individuals were more likely to use less reliable heuristic cues for their judgement. Intriguingly, our results suggest that core mechanisms of NFC (focussed/elaborative vs. peripheral/heuristic processing by differential utilization of environmental cues) can not only be found in reflective higher-order cognition, but similarly in behavioral indicators of early visual processing. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2016 APA, all rights reserved)

Monika Fleischhauer, Robert Miller, Sören Enge, and Thorsten Albrecht

2014

Need for cognition (NFC) refers to dispositional differences in cognitive motivation and has been frequently found to predict higher-order cognition, such as attitude formation and decision making. Based on recent evidence, this study examined whether NFC already relates to relatively early perceptual processes. Using a metacontrast masking paradigm (N = 137), we found that high-NFC individuals were more likely to use target-specific perceptual cues providing valid information for target discrimination, while low-NFC individuals were more likely to use less reliable heuristic cues for their judgement. Intriguingly, our results suggest that core mechanisms of NFC (focussed/elaborative vs. peripheral/heuristic processing by differential utilization of environmental cues) can not only be found in reflective higher-order cognition, but similarly in behavioral indicators of early visual processing. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2016 APA, all rights reserved)




Journal of Research in Personality

48


45--50

DOI 10.1016/j.jrp.2013.09.007, ISSN 0092-6566

02

Accession Number: 2014-00795-005. Partial author list: First Author & Affiliation: Fleischhauer, Monika; Department of Psychology, Technische Universitat Dresden, Dresden, Germany. Release Date: 20140414. Publication Type: Journal (0100), Peer Reviewed Journal (0110). Format Covered: Electronic. Document Type: Journal Article. Language: English. Major Descriptor: Decision Making; Motivation; Need for Cognition; Visual Masking; Visual Perception. Classification: Visual Perception (2323). Population: Human (10); Male (30); Female (40). Location: Germany. Age Group: Adulthood (18 yrs & older) (300); Young Adulthood (18-29 yrs) (320); Thirties (30-39 yrs) (340). Tests & Measures: Need For Cognition Questionnaire-German Version; Metacontrast Task. Methodology: Empirical Study; Quantitative Study. Supplemental Data: Tables and Figures Internet. References Available: Y. Page Count: 6. Issue Publication Date: Feb, 2014. Publication History: First Posted Date: Sep 29, 2013. Copyright Statement: All rights reserved. Elsevier Inc. 2013.

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