Uwe Mattler (2005)

Inhibition and decay of motor and nonmotor priming.

Perception & Psychophysics, 67(2):285--300.

Motor responses can be facilitated by congruent visual stimuli and prolonged by incongruent visual stimuli that are made invisible by masking (direct motor priming). Recent studies on direct motor priming showed a reversal of these priming effects when a three-stimulus paradigm was used in which a prime was followed by a mask and a target stimulus was presented after a delay. A similar three-stimulus paradigm on nonmotor priming, however, showed no reversal of priming effects when the mask was used as a cue for processing of the following target stimulus (cue priming). Experiment 1 showed that the time interval between mask and target is crucial for the reversal of priming. Therefore, the time interval between mask and target was varied in three experiments to see whether cue priming is also subject to inhibition at a certain time interval. Cues indicated (1) the stimulus modality of the target stimulus, (2) the task to be performed on a multidimensional auditory stimulus, or (3) part of the motor response. Whereas direct motor priming showed the reversal of priming about 100 msec after mask presentation, cue priming effects simply decayed during the 300 msec after mask presentation. These findings provide boundary conditions for accounts of inverse priming effects. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2016 APA, all rights reserved)

Accession Number: 2005-05647-010. PMID: 15971692 Other Journal Title: Attention, Perception, & Psychophysics. Partial author list: First Author & Affiliation: Mattler, Uwe; Otto-von-Guericke Universität Magdeburg, Magdeburg, Germany. Other Publishers: Springer. Release Date: 20050620. Correction Date: 20110110. Publication Type: Journal (0100), Peer Reviewed Journal (0110). Format Covered: Print. Document Type: Journal Article. Language: English. Major Descriptor: Memory Decay; Motor Processes; Priming; Visual Masking; Visual Stimulation. Classification: Human Experimental Psychology (2300). Population: Human (10); Male (30); Female (40). Location: Germany. Age Group: Adulthood (18 yrs & older) (300); Young Adulthood (18-29 yrs) (320); Thirties (30-39 yrs) (340). Methodology: Empirical Study; Quantitative Study. References Available: Y. Page Count: 16. Issue Publication Date: Feb, 2005.