Uwe Mattler and Robert Fendrich (2010)

Consciousness mediated by neural transition states: How invisibly rapid motions can become visible.

Consciousness and Cognition: An International Journal, 19(1):172--185.

When observers view a rapidly moving stimulus they may see only a static streak. We report that there can be a transient percept of motion if such a moving stimulus is preceded or followed by a stationary image of that stimulus. A ring of dots was rotated so rapidly observers only saw a continuous outline circle and could not report its rotation direction. When an objectively stationary ring of dots preceded or followed this rotating ring, the stationary ring appeared to visibly launch into motion from a standstill or visibly rotate to a halt, principally in the same direction as the actual rapid rotation. Thus, motions too rapid to be consciously perceived as motion can nonetheless be processed by the visual system, and generate neural transition states that are consciously experienced as motion percepts. We suggest such transition states might serve a unifying function by bridging discontinuous motion states. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2016 APA, all rights reserved)

Sponsor: German Research Foundation (DFG), Germany. Grant: MA 2276/3-1. Recipients: No recipient indicated