Forschung

Die Abteilung für Klinische Psychologie und Psychotherapie widmet sich mittels Grundlagen-, Interventions- und Prozessforschung primär der Frage, wie Essstörungen und Depression entstehen und aufrecht erhalten werden und wie sich diese effektiv behandeln lassen. Dabei fokussieren wir insbesondere auf Prozesse der Emotionserkennung und Emotionsregulation sowie auf kognitive Verzerrungen (cognitive bias) und kognitive Kontrolle. Wir übersetzen Erkenntnisse aus der Grundlagenforschung in neue, insbesondere technologiegestützte, neurobiologisch fundierte und pharmakologisch augmentierte psychologische Interventionen und testen diese in randomisiert-kontrollierten Studien. Darüber hinaus sind wir bestrebt, mittels Psychotherapie-Prozessforschung Wirkmechanismen bestehender Behandlungsverfahren zu identifizieren um die Wirksamkeit dieser Behandlungsverfahren zu verbessern. Hierfür verwenden wir u.a. Stimmfrequenzanalysen und computerbasierte quantitative Textanalysen

 

Krankheitsbilder:

  • Essstörungen

  • Adipositas

  • Depression

 

Forschungsfelder:

  • Grundlagenforschung und Experimentelle Psychopathologie: Emotionserkennung, Empathie, Theory of Mind, Emotionsregulation, Cognitive Bias, Kognitive Kontrolle

  • Interventionsforschung: Pharmakologische und technologische Augmentation psychologischer Interventionen, Expositionstherapie, Cognitive Bias Modification

  • Psychotherapie-Prozessforschung: Sudden Gains, Synchronie, Common Factors

 

Methoden:

  • Computerbasiertes Testen (Reaktionszeiten, Fehlerraten, Entscheidungsfindung)

  • Quantitative Textanalysen (natural language processing, n-grams, LIWC)

  • Stimmfrequenzanalysen

  • Psychophysiologie (EMG)

  • Eye-Tracking

 

Labore:

  • Psychophysiologisches Labor (Brain Vision Recorder & Analyzer 2.0 professional, V-AMP 16 Kanal Verstärker System)

  • Eye-Tracking Labor (Tobii Pro Spectrum 600 Hz, Tobii Pro Lab)

  • Verhaltensbeobachtungslabore

 

Internationale Kooperationspartner:

  • Prof. Ulrike Schmidt (Institute of Psychiatry, Psychology and Neuroscience, King’s College London, UK)

  • Prof. Catherine Harmer (Department of Psychiatry, University of Oxford, UK)

  • Prof. Martin grosse Holtforth (Institute of Psychology, University of Bern, Switzerland)

  • Prof. Mike Rinck (Behavioural Science Institute, Radboud University Nijmegen, The Netherlands)

  • Prof. Jens Blechert (Institute of Psychology, University of Salzburg, Austria)

  • Prof. Dominique J-F de Quervain (Division of Cognitive Neuroscience, University of Basel, Switzerland)

  • Prof. Ernst Koster (Department of Experimental Clinical and Health Psychology, University of Ghent, Belgium)

  • Prof. Joanna Steinglass (Department of Psychiatry, Columbia University, New York, USA)

 

Laufende Projekte

  • Essstörungen

    • Interventionsforschung

      • Glucocorticoid enhancement of food exposure therapy in Binge Eating Disorder (GEAR; funded by the DFG; BR-4852/6-1; PI: T Brockmeyer; in collaboration with C Herrmann-Lingen, University Medical Center Göttingen, and with D J-F de Quervain, University of Basel, Switzerland)

      • Changing habits in Anorexia Nervosa – a randomized controlled trial (CHAiN; funded by the DFG; BR-4852/5-1; PI: T Brockmeyer; in collaboration with J Steinglass, Columbia University Medical Center, New York, USA, and with W Wünsch-Leiteritz and A Leiteritz, Klinik Lüneburger Heide, Bad Bevensen)

      • Transcranial direct current stimulation and cognitive training on people with obesity and binge eating (ICARUS; in collaboration with U Schmidt, King's College London, UK)

      • Food approach bias modification training in Anorexia Nervosa - a ranomised controlled trial (in collaboration with H Zech, TU Dresden and University Hospital Würzburg, and with W Wünsch-Leiteritz and A Leiteritz, Klinik Lüneburger Heide, Bad Bevensen)

      • Action mechanisms of body image exposure therapy (randomised controlled dismantling study to disentangle attention bias modification, interpretation bias modification and habituation as potential action mechanisms of body image exposure therapy)

    • Psychotherapie-Prozessforschung

      • Predicting treatment outcome in Cognitive-Behavioural Therapy and Focal Psychodynamic Therapy for Anorexia Nervosa by dyadic verbal synchrony and dyadic synchrony in vocally encoded emotional arousal (in collaboration with the ANTOP study group)

      • Predicting sudden gains in Cognitive-Behavioural Therapy and Focal Psychodynamic Therapy for Anorexia Nervosa by topic modeling, voice frequency analyses, and linguistic style analyses (in collaboration with the ANTOP study group)

    • Emotionserkennung und Emotionsregulation

      • Emotion recognition and facial mimicry in anorexia nervosa (in collaboration with M Franz and R Schäfer, Heinrich Heine University, Düsseldorf)

      • Emotion recognition in patients with anorexia nervosa and their parents (in collaboration with K Schlegel, University of Bern, Switzerland, and with W Wünsch-Leiteritz and A Leiteritz, Klinik Lüneburger Heide, Bad Bevensen)

  • Depression

    • Emotionserkennung und Emotionsregulation

      • Assessment and training of emotion recognition abilities in depression (in collaboration with K Schlegel, University of Bern, Switzerland)

    • Cognitive Bias Modification

      • Assessing and modifying approach bias in depression using an m-Health intervention (in collaboration with H Zech, TU Dresden and University Hospital Würzburg, and with H Platte, Roswitha Paracelsus Klinik Bad Gandersheim)

  • Transdiagnostische Ansätze

    • Transdiagnostic cognitive control training for improving emotion regulation and mental distress – a randomised control trial (in collaboration with E Koster, Ghent University, Belgium)

    • Harnessing choice blindness to improve mental well-being (series of randomised controlled pilot trials in analogue samples to improve self-esteem and self-efficacy)