Woud, Marcella

Marcella Woud ist seit Oktober 2023 Leiterin der Abteilung Klinische Psychologie und Experimentelle Psychopathologie. Zudem ist sie approbierte Psychologische Psychotherapeutin (Fachkunde: Verhaltenstherapie). Über die Links auf der rechten Seite erfahren Sie mehr über ihre beruflichen Aktivitäten und ihren Werdegang.


  • Klinisch-experimentelle Grundlagenforschung zu kognitiven Verzerrungen im Bereich der emotionalen Psychopathologie (u.a., Angststörungen, Trauma, PTBS, Depressionen)
  • Neuronale, psychophysiologische und biologische Mechanismen von kognitiven Verzerrungen
  • Translationale Forschung zur Verbesserung psychotherapeutischer Interventionen
  • Entwicklung computerbasierter kognitiver Trainings (u.a. im Bereich Cognitive Bias Modification, CBM)
  • Effekte von pharmakologischen Substanzen auf emotionale und kognitive
  • Meta-Analysen und (systematische) Übersichtsartikel im Bereich
    dysfunktionaler kognitiver Prozesse

Sonstige externe berufliche Tätigkeiten


  • Deutsche Gesellschaft für Psychologie (DGPs), Fachgruppe Klinische Psychologie und Psychotherapie, Fachgruppe Biologische Psychologie und Neuropsychologie
  • European Association of Clinical Psychology and Psychological Treatment (EACLIPT)
  • Association for Cognitive Bias Modification (ACBM)
  • Deutscher Hochschulverband

Wissenschaftliche & Social Media Profile

osf.jpg Open Science Framework : https://osf.io/kcavm/
gs.png Google Scholar: Marcella Woud
rg.png Research Gate: Marcella-Woud
orcid.jpg ORCID: 000-0002-4974-505X
twitter.png Twitter /X: @MarcellaWoud
blueskynew.png BlueSky: @marcellawoud.bsky.social



  • Rupietta, A. E., Michael, T., Margraf, J., & Woud, M. L. (2024, June 27). Words and images: The effects of verbalization and imagery on intrusions.  https://doi.org/10.31219/osf.io/ut5am
  • Duken, S. B., Moriya, J., Hirsch, C., Woud, M. L., Van Bockstaele, B., & Salemink, E. (2024, June 12). Reliability and validity of four cognitive interpretation bias measures in the context of social anxiety. https://doi.org/10.31234/osf.io/t9jbr
  • Bergunde, L., Woud, M. L., Shkreli, L., Schindler-Gmelch, L., Garthus-Niegel, S., Blackwell, S. E., Kirschbaum, C., Kessler, H., & Steudte-Schmiedgen, S. (2024, May 31). The role of hair endocannabinoid concentrations in clinical symptoms and treatment outcome in female inpatients with posttraumatic stress disorder. https://doi.org/10.31234/osf.io/t7s8b
  • Shkreli, L., Woud, M. L., Bergunde, L., Schindler-Gmelch, L., Blackwell, S. E., Kirschbaum, C., Kessler, H., & Steudte-Schmiedgen, S. (2024, May 4). The role of long-term hair steroids as diagnostic and intervention-related markers in a multimorbid inpatient sample with posttraumatic stress disorder. https://doi.org/10.31234/osf.io/e7krc
  • Wuertz, F., Kunna, M., Lindgraf, C., Blackwell, S.E., Margraf, J., Everaert, J., Woud, M.L. (2023). Interpretation biases in anxiety – A three-level meta-analysis. https://osf.io/preprints/psyarxiv/7zkvr 
  • Bagheri, M., Woud, M. L., Simon, J., Abdalla, L., Dombrowe, M., Woinek, C., Margraf, J., & Blackwell, S. E. (2023, December 21). Inducing Positive Involuntary Mental Imagery in Daily Life Using Personalized Photograph Stimuli. https://doi.org/10.31219/osf.io/wr7ue
  • Bagheri, M., Woud, M.L., Feller, A.-L., Laudi, J., Kirchner, G., Schneider, H., Margraf, J., Blackwell, S.E. (2023). Investigating the role of imagery vividness in the experience of involuntary memories of previously-imagined positive scenarios. https://osf.io/preprints/osf/wr7ue 
  • Blackwell, S.E., Rölver, A., Margraf, J., & Woud, M.L. (2023). The effect of positive mental imagery versus positive verbal thoughts on anhedonia. https://osf.io/preprints/psyarxiv/5mqpt 
  • Cwik, J., Spies, J., Kessler, H., Herpertz, S., Woud, M.L., Blackwell, S.E, Willmund, G., Zimmermann, P., Koch, E., Bohnacker, V., Klaer, B., Schnyder, U., Rau, H., & Köhler, K. (2023). Psychometric properties of the German version of the Clinician-Administered PTSD scale for DSM-5 (CAPS-5) in routine clinical settings- A multi-trait multi-method study in civilians and military personnel. https://www.psycharchives.org/en/item/b215ccae-a366-404a-9037-ee78c0ffa074 
  • Kiefer, C., Woud, M.L., Blackwell, S.E., & Meyer, A. (2023). Average treatment effects on binary outcomes with stochastic covariates. https://osf.io/preprints/psyarxiv/pj7gf


  • Vrijsen, J. N., Grafton, B., Koster, E. H. W., Lau, J., Wittekind, C. E., Bar-Haim, Y., Becker, E. S., Brotman, M. A., Joormann, J., Lazarov, A., MacLeod, C., Manning, V., Pettit, J. W., Rinck, M., Salemink, E., Woud, M. L., Hallion, L. S., & Wiers, R. W. (in press). Towards implementation of cognitive bias modification in mental health care: State of the science, best practices, and ways forward. Behaviour Research and Therapy, 104557. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.brat.2024.104557

  • Machulska, A., Woud, M. L., Brailovskaia, J., Margraf, J., & Klucken, T. (2024). Nicotine-related interpretation biases in cigarette smoking individuals. Scientific Reports, 14: 4796. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-024-55256-6

  • Haehner, P., Würtz, F., Kritzler, S., Kunna, M., Luhmann, M., & Woud, M.L. (2024). The relationship between the perception of major life events and depression: A systematic scoping review and meta-analysis. Journal of Affective Disorders, 349, 145–157. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jad.2024.01.042 

  • Würtz, F., Kube, T., Woud, M.L., Margraf, J., & Blackwell, S.E. (in press). Reduced belief updating in the context of depressive symptoms – An investigation of the associations with interpretation biases and self-evaluation. Cognitive Therapy and Research. http://dx.doi.org/10.31234/osf.io/sqetk
  • Bagheri, M., Woud, M. L., Fachri Oglou, I., Fachri Oglou, F., Ratzkowski, J. D. J., Margraf, J., & Blackwell, S. E. (in press). An Experimental Investigation of the Causal Role of Mental Imagery in the Experience of Involuntary Memories. Journal of Emotion and Psychopathology  (view preprint version)


  • Blackwell, S.E., Wilhelm, F.H., Reinecke, A., Margraf, J., & Woud, M.L. (2023). Measuring symptom-specific panic-relevant associations using single-target implicit association tests. Cognitive Therapy and Research, 47, 720–731. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10608-023-10384-7 
  • Blackwell, S.E., Schönbrodt, F.D., Woud, M.L., Wannemüller, A., Bektas, B., Rodrigues, M.B., ... & Margraf, J. (2023). Demonstration of a ‘leapfrog’ randomized controlled trial as a method to accelerate the development and optimization of psychological interventions. Psychological Medicine, 53(13), 6113-6123. https://doi.org/10.1017/s0033291722003294 
  • Blackwell, S.E., Ehring, T., Gladwin, T E., Margraf, J., & Woud, M.L. (2023). The relationship between self-traumatized and self-vulnerable automatic associations and posttraumatic stress symptoms among adults who have experienced a distressing life event. Current Psychology, 42(14), 11674-11684. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12144-021-02441-9 
  • Cludius, B., Hummel, J., Limburg, K., Woud, M.L., & Takano, K. (2023). Development and validation of the ambiguous scenario task for perfectionistic concerns for university students. Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry, 79, 101811. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jbtep.2022.101811 
  • Ehring, T. & Woud, M.L. (2023) Towards a better understanding of the role of reappraisal in psychopathology and its treatment: Commentary on “Reappraising Reappraisal: An Expanded View”, Cognition and Emotion, 37(3), 378-383, https://doi.org/10.1080/02699931.2023.2208341 
  • Hummel, J., Cludius, B., Woud, M.L., Holdenrieder, J., Mende, N., Huber, V., Limburg, K., & Takano, K. (2023). The causal relationship between perfectionism and negative affect: Two experimental studies. Personality and Individual Differences, 200, 111895. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.paid.2022.111895 
  • Lipp, A., Macit, B., Woud, M.L., Dere, E., & Zlomuzica, A. (2023). Conscious knowledge of CS-UCS contingency information affects extinction retrieval of conditioned disgust responses: Findings from an online de novo disgust conditioning task. International Journal of Clinical and Health Psychology, 23(3), 100368. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijchp.2023.100368 
  • Schäfer, S. K., Lüder, C. C., Porcheret, K., Hu, X., Margraf, J., Michael, T., Holmes, E.A., Werner, G. G., Wilhelm, I., Woud, M.L., Zeng, S., Friesen, E., Haim-Nachum, S., Lass-Hennemann, J., Lieb, K., Kunzler, A.M., Wirth, B.E., & Sopp, M.R. (2023). To sleep or not to sleep, that is the question: A systematic review and meta-analysis on the effect of post-trauma sleep on intrusive memories of analog trauma. Behaviour Research and Therapy, 167, 104359. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.brat.2023.104359 
  • Würtz, F., Steinman, S., Blackwell, S.E., Wilhelm, F.H., Reinecke, A., Adolph, D., Margraf, J., & Woud, M.L. (2023). Effects of training body-related interpretations on a bodily symptom provocation. Cognitive Therapy and Research. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10608-023-10358-9


  • Labrenz, F., Woud, M.L., Elsenbruch, S., & Icenhour, A. (2022). The good, the bad and the ugly – Chances, challenges and clinical implications of avoidance research in psychosomatic medicine. Frontiers in Psychiatry, 13, 841734. https://doi.org/10.3389/fpsyt.2022.841734 
  • Woud, M.L., Wittekind C.E., & Würtz, F. (2022). Cognitive Bias Modification bei Symptomen der Posttraumatischen Belastungsstörung. Verhaltenstherapie, 32, 139–147. https://doi.org/10.1159/000524709 
  • Würtz, F., Blackwell, S.E., Margraf, J., & Woud, M.L. (2022). The world dangerous it is - The scrambled sentences task in the context of posttraumatic stress symptoms. Journal of Experimental Psychopathology, 13(3). https://doi.org/10.1177/20438087221124737 
  • Würtz, F., Krans, J., Blackwell, S.E., Cwik, J.C., Margraf, J., & Woud, M.L. (2022). Using cognitive bias modification-appraisal training to manipulate appraisals about the self and the world in analog trauma. Cognitive Therapy and Research, 46, 232–246. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10608-021-10257-x 
  • Würtz, F., Zahler, L., Blackwell, S.E., Margraf, J., Bagheri, M., & Woud, M.L. (2022). Scrambled but valid? The scrambled sentences task as a measure of interpretation biases in psychopathology: A systematic review and meta-analysis. Clinical Psychology Review, 93, 102133. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cpr.2022.102133


  • Dempsey-Jones, H., Steudte-Schmiedgen, S., Browning, M., Makin, T., Woud, M.L., Harmer, C.J., ... & Reinecke, A. (2021). Human perceptual learning is delayed by the NMDA receptor partial agonist D-cycloserine. Journal of Psychopharmacology, 35, 253-264. https://doi.org/10.1177/0269881120986349 
  • Westermann, K., Woud, M.L., Cwik, J.C., Graz, C., Nyhuis, P.W., Margraf, J., & Blackwell, S.E. (2021). Feasibility of computerized positive mental imagery training as a treatment adjunct in inpatient mental health settings: a randomized controlled trial. BJPsych Open, 7, e203, 1–8. https://doi.org/10.1192%2Fbjo.2021.1042 
  • Woud, M.L., Blackwell, S.E., Shkreli, L., Würtz, F., Cwik, J.C., Margraf, J., … & Kessler, H. (2021). The effects of modifying dysfunctional appraisals in post-traumatic stress disorder using a form of cognitive bias modification: Results of a randomized controlled trial in an inpatient setting. Psychotherapy and Psychosomatics, 1-17. https://doi.org/10.1159/000514166 
  • Würtz, F., Krans, J., Blackwell, S.E., Cwik, J.C., Margraf, J., & Woud, M.L. (2021). Using cognitive bias modification-appraisal training to manipulate appraisals about the self and the world in analog trauma. Cognitive Therapy and Research, 46, 232–246. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10608-021-10257-x 
  • Zahler, L., Meyers, M., Woud, M.L., Blackwell, S.E., Margraf, J., & Velten, J. (2021). Using three indirect measures to assess the role of sexuality-related associations and interpretations for women’s sexual desire: An Internet-based experimental study. Archives of Sexual Behavior, 1-14. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10508-020-01897-3 


  • Blackwell, S.E., Dooley, D., Würtz, F., Woud, M.L., & Margraf, J. (2020) Inducing positive involuntary mental imagery in everyday life: An experimental investigation. Memory, 28, 1157-1172. https://doi.org/10.1080/09658211.2020.1822413 
  • Meyer, T., Brewin, C.R., King, J.A., Nijmeijer, D., Woud, M.L., & Becker, E.S. (2020). Arresting visuospatial stimulation is insufficient to disrupt analogue traumatic intrusions. PloS one, 15(2), e0228416. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0228416 
  • Shkreli, L*., Woud, M.L.*, Kroj, A.E., Waldhauser, G.T., Kumsta R., & Reinecke, A. (2020). Angiotensin involvement in trauma processing – Exploring candidate neurocognitive mechanisms of preventing posttraumatic stress symptoms. Neuropsychopharmacology, 45, 507-514. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41386-019-0553-y * Authors contributed equally 
  • Spies, J.P., Woud, M.L., Kessler, H., Rau, H., Willmund, G.D., Köhler, K., Herpertz, S., Blackwell, S. E., Bovin, M., Marx, B.P., & Cwik, J.C. (2020). Psychometric properties of the German version of the Clinician-Administered PTSD Scale for DSM-5 (CAPS-5) in clinical routine settings: Study design and protocol of a multitrait-multimethod study. BMJ open, 10(6), e036078. https://doi.org/10.1136/bmjopen-2019-036078 
  • Zahler, L., Sommer, K., Reinecke, A., Wilhelm, F.H., Margraf, J., & Woud, M.L. (2020). Cognitive vulnerability in the context of panic: Assessment of panic-related associations and interpretations in individuals with varying levels of anxiety sensitivity. Cognitive Therapy and Research, 44, 858-873. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10608-020-10103-6 


  • Blackwell, S.E., Woud, M.L., Margraf, J., & Schönbrodt, F. D. (2019). Introducing the leapfrog design: A simple Bayesian adaptive rolling trial design for accelerated treatment development and optimization. Clinical Psychological Science, 7(6), 1222-1243. https://doi.org/10.1177/2167702619858071 
  • Cwik, J.C., Vahle, N., Woud, M.L., Potthoff, D., Kessler, H., Sartory, G., & Seitz, R.J. (2019). Reduced gray matter volume in the left prefrontal, occipital, and temporal regions as predictors for posttraumatic stress disorder: A voxel-based morphometric study. European Archives of Psychiatry and Clinical Neuroscience, 270(5), 577–588. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00406-019-01011-2 
  • De Kleine, R.A., Woud, M.L., Ferentzi, H., Hendriks, G.J., Broekman, T., Becker, E.S., & Van Minnen, A. (2019). Appraisal-based cognitive bias modification in patients with posttraumatic stress disorder: A randomised clinical trial. European Journal of Psychotraumatology, 10(1), 1625690. https://doi.org/10.1080/20008198.2019.1625690 
  • Pulcu, E., Shkreli, L., Guzman Holst, C., Woud, M.L., Craske, M., Browning, M., & Reinecke A. (2019). The effects of the angiotensin II receptor antagonist losartan on appetitive versus aversive learning: A randomized controlled trial. Biological Psychiatry, 86(5), 397–404. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.biopsych.2019.04.010 
  • Raeder, F., Woud, M.L., Schneider, S., Totzeck, C., Adolph, D., Margraf, J., & Zlomuzica, A. (2019). Reactivation and evaluation of mastery experiences promotes exposure benefit in height phobia. Cognitive Therapy and Research, 43, 948-958. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10608-019-10018-x 
  • Salemink, E., Woud, M.L., Roos, M., Wiers, R.W., & Lindgren, K. (2019). Reducing alcohol-related interpretive bias in negative affect situations: Using a scenario-based Cognitive Bias Modification training paradigm. Addictive Behaviors, 88, 106–113. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.addbeh.2018.07.023 
  • Velten, J., Blackwell., S.E., Margraf, J., & Woud, M.L. (2019). Assessing cognitive appraisals related to sexual function: A scenario-based approach. Archives of Sexual Behavior, 48, 781-794. https://doi.org/1007/s10508-019-1398-5 
  • Woud, M.L., Heeren, A., Shkreli, L., Meyer, T., Egeri, L., Cwik, J.C., Zlomuzica, A., Kessler, H., & Margraf, J. (2019). Investigating the effect of proactive interference control training on intrusive memories. European Journal of Psychotraumatology, 10(1), 1611092. https://doi.org/10.1080/20008198.2019.1611092 
  • Woud, M.L., Kleim, B., & Cwik, J.C. (2019). Editorial for the special issue on negative appraisals in trauma: Current status and future directions for research. Cognitive Therapy and Research, 43, 139-142. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10608-018-09992-5 


  • Blackwell, S.E., Westermann, K., Woud, M.L., Cwik, J.C., Neher, T., Graz, C., Nyhuis, P.W., & Margraf., J. (2018). Computerized positive mental imagery training versus cognitive training versus treatment as usual in inpatient mental health settings: Study protocol for a randomized controlled feasibility trial. Pilot and Feasibility Studies, 4, 133. https://doi.org/10.1186/s40814-018-0325-1 
  • Glaser, T., Woud, M.L., Islander, M.L., Schmalenstroth, V., & Vo, T.M. (2018). Positive, negative, or all relative? Evaluative conditioning of ambivalence. Acta Psychologica, 185, 155–165. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.actpsy.2018.02.006 
  • Woud, M.L., Blackwell, S.E., Cwik, J. C., Margraf, J., Holmes, E.A., Steudte-Schmiedgen, S., Herpertz, S., ... & Kessler, H. (2018). Augmenting inpatient treatment for post-traumatic stress disorder with a computerised cognitive bias modification procedure targeting appraisals (CBM-App): Protocol for a randomised controlled trial. BMJ Open, 8(6), e019964. https://doi.org/10.1136/bmjopen-2017-019964  
  • Woud, M.L., Blackwell, S.E., Steudte-Schmiedgen, S., Browning, M., Holmes, E.A., Harmer, C.J., ... & Reinecke, A. (2018). Investigating d-cycloserine as a potential pharmacological enhancer of an emotional bias-learning procedure. Journal of Psychopharmacology32(5), 569​-577. https://doi.org/10.1177/0269881118754679 
  • Woud, M.L., J.C. Cwik, B. Kleim, S.E. Blackwell, E.A. Holmes, D. Adolph, H. Zhang, & J. Margraf (2018). Does napping enhance the effects of Cognitive Bias Modification Appraisal training? An experimental study. PloS one, 13(2), e0192837. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0192837 
  • Woud, M.L., Zlomuzica, A., Cwik, J.C., Margraf, J., Shkreli, L., Blackwell, S.E., Gladwin, T.E., & Ehring, T. (2018). Effects of appraisal training on responses to a distressing autobiographical event. Journal of Anxiety Disorders, 56, 26-34. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.janxdis.2018.03.010 
  • Zhang, X., Woud, M.L., Becker, E.S., & Margraf, J. (2018). Do health‐related factors predict major depression? A longitudinal epidemiologic study. Clinical Psychology & Psychotherapy, 25(3), 378–387. https://doi.org/10.1002/cpp.2171 
  • Zlomuzica, A., Preusser, F., Roberts, S., Woud, M.L., Lester, K., Dere, E., ... & Margraf, J. (2018). The role of KIBRA in reconstructive episodic memory. Molecular Medicine, 24(1), 7. https://doi.org/10.1186/s10020-018-0007-8 
  • Zlomuzica, A., Woud, M.L., Machulska, A., Kleimt, K., Dietrich, L., Wolf, O. T., ... & Margraf, J. (2018). Deficits in episodic memory and mental time travel in patients with post-traumatic stress disorder. Progress in Neuro-Psychopharmacology & Biological Psychiatry, 83, 42–54. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.pnpbp.2017.12.014 


  • Blackwell, S.E., Woud, M.L., & MacLeod, C. (2017). A question of control? Examining the role of control conditions in experimental psychopathology using the example of cognitive bias modification research. The Spanish Journal of Psychology, 20, E54. https://doi.org/10.1017/sjp.2017.41 
  • Hutschemaekers, M.H., Woud, M.L., Becker, E.S., & Rinck, M. (2017). Reducing alcohol-related interpretation biases in young hazardous drinkers by Cognitive Bias Modification - Interpretation Training. SUCHT, 62(6), 366–373. http://dx.doi.org/10.1024/0939-5911/a000456 
  • Maas, J., Woud, M.L., Keijsers, G., Rinck, M., Becker, E.S., & Wiers, R.W. (2017). The attraction of sugar: An association between body mass index and impaired avoidance of sweet snacks. Journal of Experimental Psychopathology, 7, 1-20. https://doi.org/10.5127/jep.052415 
  • Woud, M.L., Verwoerd, J.R.L., & Krans, J. (2017). Modification of Cognitive Biases related to posttraumatic stress: A systematic review and research agenda. Clinical Psychology Review, 54, 81–95. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cpr.2017.04.003 
  • Zhang, X.C., Kuchinke, L., Woud, M.L., Velten, J., & Margraf, J. (2017). Survey method matters: Online/offline questionnaires and face-to-face or telephone interviews differ. Computers in Human Behavior, 71, 172-180. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chb.2017.02.006 


  • Markus, W., de Weert-van Oene, G., Woud, M.L., Becker, E.S., & de Jong, C. (2016). Are addiction-related memories malleable by working memory competition? Transient effects on memory vividness and nicotine craving in a randomized lab experiment. Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry, 52, 83–91. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jbtep.2016.03.007 
  • Woud, M.L., Becker, E.S., Rinck, M., Harmer, C.J., & Reinecke, A. (2016). Assessment of automatic associations with bodily sensations and agoraphobic situations in panic disorder. Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry, 52, 105–109. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jbtep.2016.04.001 
  • Woud, M.L., Maas, J., Wiers, R.W., Becker, E.S., & Rinck, M. (2016). Assessment of tobacco-related approach and attentional biases in smokers, cravers, ex-smokers, and non-smokers. Frontiers in Psychology, 7, 172. https://doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2016.00172 
  • Woud, M.L., Salemink, E., Gladwin, T.E., Wiers, R.W., Becker, S.E., Lindenmeyer, L., & Rinck, M. (2016). Alcohol homograph priming in alcohol-dependent inpatients. SUCHT, 62(4), 217–224. http://dx.doi.org/10.1024/0939-5911/a000432 
  • Woud, M.L., Zhang, X.C., Becker, E.S., Zlumozica, A., & Margraf, J. (2016). Catastrophizing misinterpretations predict somatoform-related symptoms and new onsets of somatoform disorders. Journal of Psychosomatic Research, 81, 31–37. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jpsychores.2015.12.005 


  • Kersbergen, I., Woud, M.L., & Field, M. (2015). The validity of different measures of automatic alcohol action tendencies. Psychology of Addictive Behaviors: Journal of the Society of Psychologists in Addictive Behaviors, 29(1), 225–230. https://doi.org/10.1037/adb0000009 
  • Woud, M.L., Becker, E.S., Rinck, M., & Salemink, E. (2015). The relationship between drinking motives and alcohol-related interpretation biases. Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry, 47, 102–110. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jbtep.2014.11.012 
  • Woud, M.L., Hutschemaekers, M.M.H., Rinck, M., & Becker, E.S. (2015). The manipulation of alcohol-related interpretation biases by means of cognitive bias modification – Interpretation (CBM-I). Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry, 49, 61–68. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jbtep.2015.03.001 


  • Woud, M.L. & Becker, E.S. (2014). Editorial for the special issue on cognitive bias modification techniques: An introduction to a time traveller’s tale. Cognitive Therapy and Research, 38, 83-88. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10608-014-9605-0 
  • Woud, M.L., Pawelczak, S., Rinck, M., Lindenmeyer, J., Souren, P., Wiers, R.W., & Becker, E.S. (2014). Alcohol-related interpretation bias in alcohol-dependent patients. Alcoholism, Clinical and Experimental Research, 38(4), 1151–1159. https://doi.org/10.1111/acer.12334 
  • Woud, M.L., Zhang, X.C., Becker, E.S., McNally, R.J., & Margraf, J. (2014). Don’t panic: Interpretation bias is predictive of new onsets of panic disorder. Journal of Anxiety Disorders, 28(1), 83–87. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.janxdis.2013.11.008 


  • Rinck, M., & Telli, S., Kampmann, I.L., Woud, M.L., Kerstholt, M., te Velthuis, S., Wittkowski, M., & Becker, E.S. (2013). Training approach-avoidance of smiling faces affects emotional vulnerability in socially anxious individuals. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience, 7, 481. https://doi.org/10.3389/fnhum.2013.00481 
  • Woud, M.L., Becker, E.S., Lange, W.G., & Rinck, M. (2013). To like or not to like: The effect of approach-avoidance training on neutral, angry and smiling face stimuli. Psychological Reports, 113(1), 1211–1228. https://doi.org/10.2466/21.07.pr0.113x10z1 
  • Woud, M.L. & Krans, J. (2013). Cognitive Bias Modification (CBM) technieken bij posttraumatische stresstoornis (PTSS): Eerste bevindingen en toekomstige perspectieven. Directieve Therapie, 33, 170-187.
  • Woud, M.L., Maas, J., Becker, E.S., & Rinck, M. (2013). Make the manikin move: Symbolic approach-avoidance responses induce implicit and explicit evaluation bias. Journal of Cognitive Psychology, 25(6), 738–744. https://doi.org/10.1080/20445911.2013.817413 
  • Woud, M.L., Postma, P., Holmes, E.A., & Mackintosh, B. (2013). Reducing analogue trauma symptoms by computerized cognitive reappraisal training – Considering a cognitive prophylaxis? Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry, 44(3), 312–315. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jbtep.2013.01.003 
  • Woud, M.L., Wiers, R.W., Pawelczak, S., Becker, E.S., Lindenmeyer, J., & Rinck, M. (2013). Does negative affect prime alcohol in addicted inpatients? A large-scale clinical investigation of the moderating role of depression and executive control. Journal of Experimental Psychopathology, 3, 279–290. https://doi.org/10.5127/jep.031012 


  • Scheibner, H., & Woud, M.L. (2012). Mit dem Joystick gegen die Abhängigkeit: Computer-Gestützte Trainings zur Rückfallprävention. Konturen, 3, 15-20. 
  • Woud, M.L., Fitzgerald, D.A., Wiers, R. W., Rinck, M., & Becker, E.S. (2012). ‘Getting into the spirit’: Interpretation bias in heavy drinking students. Psychology of Addictive Behaviors, 26, 627–632. http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/a0029025 
  • Woud, M.L., Holmes, E.A., Postma, P., Dalgleish, T., & Mackintosh, B. (2012). Ameliorating intrusive memories of distressing experiences using computerized reappraisal training. Emotion, 12(4), 778–784. https://doi.org/10.1037/a0024992 


  • Woud, M.L., Becker, E.S., & Rinck, M. (2011). Induction of implicit evaluation biases by approach avoidance training: A commentary to Vandenbosch & De Houwer. Cognition and Emotion, 25, 1331-1338. http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/02699931.2011.628300 
  • Woud, M.L., Ellwart, T., Rinck, M., & Becker, E.S. (2011). Task-irrelevant spider associations affect categorization performance. Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry, 42(3), 309–316. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jbtep.2010.12.008 


  • Müller, B.C.N, van Baaren, R.B., Ritter, S.M., Woud, M.L., Bergmann, H., Harakeh, Z., Engels, R.C. M.E., & Dijksterhuis, A. (2009). Tell me why…The influence of self-involvement on short term smoking behaviour. Addictive Behaviors, 34(5), 427–431. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.addbeh.2008.12.016 



Woud, M.L. (2023). Interpretational processing biases in emotional psychopathology: From experimental investigation to clinical practice. Springer: New York. https://link.springer.com/book/10.1007/978-3-031-23650-1


 Salemink, E., Woud, M.L., Bouwmann, V., & Mobach, L. (2023). Cognitive Bias Modification Training to Change Interpretation Biases. In M.L. Woud (Ed.), Interpretational processing biases in emotional psychopathology: From experimental investigation to clinical practice. Springer. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-031-23650-1_11 

Woud, M.L., & Hofmann, S.G. (2023). Changing Biased Interpretations in CBT: A Brief History and Overview. In M.L. Woud (Ed.), Interpretational processing biases in emotional psychopathology: From experimental investigation to clinical practice. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-031-23650-1_12 

Keijsers, G.P.J., Woud, M.L., & Becker, E.S. (2009). Psychotherapie en verandering van impliciete mentale processen. In S. Colijn, S. Bögels, & W. Trijsburg (Ed.), Leerboek Psychotherapie. De Tijdstroom: Utrecht. 

Krans, J., Woud, M.L., Näring, G., Becker, E.S., & Holmes, E.A. (2010). Exploring involuntary recall in post-traumatic stress disorder from an information processing perspective. In J.H. Mace (Ed.), The act of remembering: Toward an understanding how we recall the past. Wiley-Blackwell: Malden, U.S.A. 

Diagnostische Instrumente

 Cwik, J.C., Woud, M.L. & Schnyder, U. (2020). German version of the Clinician-Administered PTSD Scale for DSM-5 (CAPS-5). Interview available from the Mental Health Research and Treatment Center Bochum at https://www.kli.psy.ruhr-uni-bochum.de/klipsy/projekte/CAPS5.html